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Introducing Llama Vision, a website that detects llamas through your camera

2018-11-01 Peter O'ShaughnessyWeb Development

Introducing Llama Vision, a website that detects llamas through your camera

a.k.a. How I got started using Tensorflow.js

[https://llama.vision](https://llama.vision) (video shown in the background by [Karen Ihrig](https://vimeo.com/46661900))https://llama.vision (video shown in the background by Karen Ihrig)

A few months ago, I first tried out Tensorflow.js, the machine learning library for JavaScript. I took a pre-trained model I found called MobileNet and copied some of the example code. One of the lines said “replace this with your image”, but I thought I’d try it out on a video instead. I grabbed a Creative Commons video of some llamas and… I was astonished!

It gave a probability of over 0.99999 that the video contained a llama. I figured that, to get that level of certainty, perhaps I had just happened to pick one of the exact videos used to train the model. I noticed that the model file was only 31KB. I opened it up and found that it contained a collection that looked like this:

Some of the text from the [MobileNet JavaScript file](https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/@tensorflow-models/mobilenet@0.1.1). One of the collection’s entries is “llama”.Some of the text from the MobileNet JavaScript file. One of the collection’s entries is “llama”.

Even if I hadn’t been lucky enough to use one of the exact same training videos, I was at least fortunate enough to be trying to detect one of the 1000 objects that this model included (entry 355 from 0 to 999).

Next I wondered if I could switch a pre-recorded video for live camera input, via getUserMedia. At first, it didn’t work, giving me the error: “Requested texture size [0x0] is invalid”. I wondered at first if it was an intentional restriction. Thankfully, the solution was simply to set the ‘width’ and ‘height’ attributes on the video element. I pointed the camera at a picture of a llama on my screen (as I didn’t have a real llama to hand 😞)… And it worked!

Now I’ve added a simple user interface and hosted it up at https://llama.vision, so you can try it too:

The source code is here on Github. The key piece of code is small and straightforward — Tensorflow and MobileNet do all the hard work for us:

// Load the prediction model
mobilenet.load().then(model => {

  // Now we can keep checking the camera feed at regular intervals, like this:
  model.classify(video).then(predictions => {

    const topResult = predictions[0];

    if (topResult.className === 'llama') {
      // Woo! Llama! NB. We can also get the confidence value from the `probability`
      ...
    }
  });
});

One thing to note is that in Android browsers I’ve tried other than Chrome, Tensorflow.js is giving a warning “Extension WEBGLlosecontext not supported on this browser” and the model takes a long time to load and calculate (I guess because it fails to use WebGL for better performance). Hopefully I’ll come across a solution for this soon.

And one day I hope to make it to a llama farm — so I can test it out in real life!

If you’re based near London and interested in machine learning with JavaScript, our friend Asim Hussain runs a regular AI JavaScript London meetup. Maybe I’ll see you there!

By Peter O’Shaughnessy on November 1, 2018.

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